Michael Hardt

Professor of Literature

External address: 
106 Friedl Building, Buchanan and Trinity, Durham, NC 27708-0670
Internal office address: 
Box 90670, Durham, NC 27708-0670
(919) 684-3408

Michael Hardt's writings explore the new forms of domination in the contemporary world as well as the social movements and other forces of liberation that resist them. In the Empire trilogy -- Empire (2000), Multitude (2004), and Commonwealth(2009) -- he and Antonio Negri investigate the political, legal, economic, and social aspects of globalization. They also study the political and economic alternatives that could lead to a more democratic world. Their pamphlet Declaration (2012) attempts to articulate the significance of the encampments and occupations that began in 2011, from Tahrir Square to Zuccotti Park, and to recognize the primary challenges faced by emerging democratic social movements today.


  • Ph.D., University of Washington 1990
  • M.A., University of Washington 1986
  • B.S., Swarthmore College 1983

Hardt, M, and Negri, A. "Why We Need a Multilateral Magna Carta." Global Agenda: The Magazine of the World Economic Forum’s Annual Meeting 2 (2004): 76-77.

Hardt, M, Smith, C, and Minardi, E. "The Collaborator and the Multitude." Minnesota Review 61-62 (2004): 63-77. (Interview)

Hardt, M. "Collective Tyranny." Arab Journal for the Humanities 22.88 (2004): 279-285.

Hardt, M, Moreiras, A, and Leyte, A. "Travallar por unha domocracia mundial e a unica resposta." Grial: Revista Galega de Cultura 158 (April 2003): 50-59. (Interview)

Hardt, M. "The 18th Brumaire of George W. Bush." Global Magazine 1 (March 2003).

Hardt, M, and Negri, A. "The Rod of the Forest Warden: A Response to Timothy Brennan." Critical Inquiry 29.2 (January 2003): 368-373. Full Text

Hardt, M, and Maffezzini, I. "Après Empire." Conjunctures 36/37 (2003): 15-30. (Interview)

Hardt, M, Budgen, S, and Colas, A. "Interview." Historical Materialism 11.3 (2003): 121-152. (Interview)

Barchiesi, F, Dit Bifo, FB, Bettin, G, Caccia, G, Casarini, L, Cocco, G, Hardt, M, Lazzarato, M, Boutang, YM, Pelbart, PP, Rolnik, S, Roque, T, Sant apos Anna, D, and Silva, G. "Porto Alegre: The work of multitudes." Multitudes 8.1 (December 1, 2002): 5-14. (Review)


Hardt, M, and Negri, A. "Mot Imperiet och Herrarna." Dagens Nyheter (September 21, 2008): 6-7. (Interview)

Hardt, M. "A New Cycle of Struggles." Shukan Kinyobi 707 (June 20, 2008): 10-13. (Occasional Writing)

Kohso, S. "Toward a Revolutionary Theory of the Common." 3.1 (2008): 2-15. (Interview)

Hardt, M. "Ne Darbo Islaisvinimas, O Issilaisvinimas Nuo Darbo!." Juodrastis (Lithuania) 1.1 (2008): 28-32. (Interview)

Hardt, M, and Eikmeyer, R. "Die Erfindung eines neuen politischen Vokabulars." ReMarx (2007). (Interview)

Favaro, A, and Hardt, M. "Anche l’amore contro l’impero del biopotere." Il Gazzettino (December 10, 2006). (Interview)

Hight, C, and Hardt, M. "Designing Commonspaces." Architectural Design (September 2006). (Interview)

Hardt, M. "A Tribute to Hannah Arendt." Tikkun Magazine (2006): 83-83. (Occasional Writing)

Kemmerer, A. "Starker Tobak." Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (November 18, 2004). (Interview)

Senne de Moraes, M. "A Rede Concreta." Folha de S. Paulo (August 1, 2004): 7-8. (Interview)