Michael Hardt

Michael Hardt

Professor of Literature

External address: 
106 Friedl Building, Buchanan and Trinity, Durham, NC 27708-0670
Internal office address: 
Box 90670, Durham, NC 27708-0670
(919) 684-3408

Michael Hardt's writings explore the new forms of domination in the contemporary world as well as the social movements and other forces of liberation that resist them. In the Empire trilogy -- Empire (2000), Multitude (2004), and Commonwealth(2009) -- he and Antonio Negri investigate the political, legal, economic, and social aspects of globalization. They also study the political and economic alternatives that could lead to a more democratic world. Their pamphlet Declaration (2012) attempts to articulate the significance of the encampments and occupations that began in 2011, from Tahrir Square to Zuccotti Park, and to recognize the primary challenges faced by emerging democratic social movements today.


  • Ph.D., University of Washington 1990
  • M.A., University of Washington 1986
  • B.S., Swarthmore College 1983

Hardt, M. "La violence de la fraternité: hommage à Malcolm X." Futur antérieur 7 (1991): 20-22. (Introduction)

Hardt, M. "Review." Rethinking Marxism 3.2 (June 1990): 173-181. Full Text

Hardt, M. "What Is To Be Done, After Foucault." Papers in Romance 6.1 (1989): 34-50.

Hardt, M, Wiegman, R, and Lubiano, W. "In the Aftermath of the Duke Case." Social Text 25.4: 1-16.

Hardt, M, and Negri, A. "Adventures of the Multitude: Response of the Authors." Rethinking Marxism 13.3/4: 236-243. (Occasional Writing)