Professor of Literature
Michael Hardt's writings explore the new forms of domination in the contemporary world as well as the social movements and other forces of liberation that resist them. In the Empire trilogy -- Empire (2000), Multitude (2004), and Commonwealth(2009) -- he and Antonio Negri investigate the political, legal, economic, and social aspects of globalization. They also study the political and economic alternatives that could lead to a more democratic world. Their pamphlet Declaration (2012) attempts to articulate the significance of the encampments and occupations that began in 2011, from Tahrir Square to Zuccotti Park, and to recognize the primary challenges faced by emerging democratic social movements today.
- Ph.D., University of Washington 1990
- M.A., University of Washington 1986
- B.S., Swarthmore College 1983
Hardt, M., and Antonio Negri. “Foreword.” Another World Is Possible: Popular Alternatives to Globalization at the World Social Forum, edited by William Fisher and Thomas Ponniah, Zed Books, 2003, pp. xvi–xix.
Hardt, M. “Gemeinschaftseigentum.” Singularitäten – Allianzen, Institut für Theorie der Gestaltung und Kunst, 2002, pp. 61–84.
Hardt, M. “Un’Europa aperta al mondo.” Europa Politica: Ragioni Di Una Necessità, edited by Hedrun Friese et al., Manifestolibri, 2002, pp. 159–66.
Hardt, M., and Antonio Negri. “Globalization and Democracy.” Democracy Unrealized: Documenta 11, edited by Okwui Enwezor, Hatje Cantz, 2002, pp. 323–36.
Hardt, M. Il brulichio. Rome: Manifestolibri, 2002, pp. 151–55.
Hardt, M. “Il brulichio.” Diario Palestinese, edited by M. POSSE, Manifestolibri, 2002, pp. 151–55.
Hardt, M. “Impero.” Lessico Postfordista, edited by Adelino Zanini and Ubaldo Fadini, Feltrinelli, 2001, pp. 167–71.
Hardt, M. “Internazionalismo e comunicazione.” Il Manifesto Del Partito Comunista 150 Anni Dopo, edited by Rossana Rossandra, Manifestolibri, 2000, pp. 287–93.
Hardt, M. “Keywords.” New Media Logbook (Kunst.NRW.NL Festival Document), Kunst.nrw.nl, 1999, pp. 62–63.
Hardt, M. “Laboratory Italy.” Radical Thought in Italy, edited by Michael Hardt and Paolo Virno, University of Minnesota Press, 1996, pp. 1–10.
Hardt, M., and Antonio Negri. “La costituzione del comune e le ragioni della sinistra.” Micromega, Aug. 2011, pp. 16–27.
Hardt, M., et al. “Interview.” The White Review, no. 2, 2011.
Hardt, M., et al. “No One is Sovereign in Love.” No More Potlucks, no. 18, 2011.
Hardt, M. “Tronti’s Topography of Revolt.” Genre, vol. 43, no. 3/4, 2010, pp. 337–38.
Hardt, M., et al. “Commonwealth: An exchange.” Artforum International, vol. 48, no. 3, Dec. 2009.
Hardt, M., and Antonio Negri. “What To Expect in 2012.” Adbusters, Dec. 2011.
Hardt, M., and Antonio Negri. “The Fight for 'Real Democracy'.” Foreign Affairs Magazine Blog, 11 Oct. 2011.
Hardt, M. “Real Democracy: An Interview with Michael Hardt.” Shift Magazine, Oct. 2011.
Hardt, M. “Recent Uprisings in the United States and Europe Follow the Lead of Al-Tahir Square.” Etemaad Newspaper, 3 July 2011.
Hardt, M., and Iman Ganji. “Fra Seattle til Kairo.” Morgenbladet, 28 May 2011, pp. 35–35.
Hardt, M., and Antonio Negri. “Arabs are Democracy's New Pioneers.” The Guardian, 25 Feb. 2011, pp. 34–34.
Hardt, M. “No One is Sovereign in Love.” No More Potlucks, vol. 18, 2011.
Hardt, M. “Art, Politics, and Love.” Common Love, 2011, pp. 95–101.
Hardt, M. “Da occupywallstreet a occupyeverywhere.” Global Project Website, 2011.
Hardt, M. “L'erreur d'orientation des campus américains.” Libération, 2 Dec. 2010.