N. Katherine Hayles

N. Katherine Hayles

James B. Duke Professor Emerita of Literature

External address: 
101 Friedl Building, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Box 90670, Durham, NC 27708-0670
(919) 684-4127

Digital Humanities; Electronic Literature; Literature, Science, and Technology; Science Fiction; Critical Theory


  • Ph.D., University of Rochester 1977
  • M.A., Michigan State University 1970
  • M.S., California Institute of Technology 1969
  • B.S., Rochester Institute of Technology 1966

Hayles, NK. Unthought: The Power of the Cognitive Nonconscious. University of Chicago Press, April 5, 2017. (Edited Book)

Hayles, NK. Foreword. December 22, 2015. Full Text

Comparative Textual Media: Transforming the Humanities in the Postprint Era. Ed. NK Hayles and J Pressman. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2013. (Collection)

Hayles, NK. How We Think: Digital Media and Contemporary Technogenesis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012. (Monograph)

Hayles, NK. Electronic Literature: New Horizons for the Literary. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2008. (Monograph)

Hayles, NK. My Mother Was a Computer: Digital Subjects and Literary Texts. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005. (Monograph)

Ine Hayles, NK. Nanoculture: Implications of the new technoscience. January 1, 2004.

Hayles, NK. Writing Machines. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2002. (Monograph)


Hayles, NK. "The cognitive nonconscious and the new materialisms." The New Politics of Materialism: History, Philosophy, Science. January 1, 2017. 181-199. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Influences of the digital." Postmodern/Postwar and After: Rethinking American Literature. January 1, 2016. 209-215.

Hayles, NK. "Beyond Human Scale: Steve Tomasula's "The Book of Portraiture"." Steve Tomasula: The Art and Science of New Media Fiction. Bloomsbury, 2015. (Essay)

Sieburth, SMN. "Foreword." November 13, 2014. xvii-null. Full Text

Gubler, DJ, Ooi, EE, Vasudevan, S, and Farrar, J. "Preface." August 29, 2014. xv-xvi.

Hayles, K. "The Cognitive Nonconscious and the Larger Landscape." Beyond the Humanities and the Digital. Ed. P Svensson and DT Goldberg. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2014. (Essay)

Hayles, NK, and Gannon, T. "Virtual, Actual, Ineffable: Architecture and Media in the Age of Computation." Ineffable: Architecture, Computation, and the Inexpressable. Ed. B Horn. Shenzhen, China: Oscar Riera Ojeda, 2013. 58-71. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "How we think: Transforming power and digital technologies." Understanding Digital Humanities. February 7, 2012. 42-66. Full Text

Hayles, NK, and Gannon, T. "Virtual architecture, actual media." The SAGE Handbook of Architectural Theory. January 1, 2012. 484-500. Full Text

Hayles, K, and Montfort, N. "Interactive Fiction." Routledge Companion to Experimental Literature. Ed. J Bray, A Gibbons, and B McHale. New York: Routledge, 2012. (Essay)


Hayles, NK. "Human and machine cultures of reading: A cognitive-assemblage approach." Pmla 133.5 (October 1, 2018): 1225-1242. (Review) Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Maxing Out the Novel." Novel 49.3 (November 2016): 519-522. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Cognitive Assemblages: Technical Agency and Human Interactions." Critical Inquiry 43.1 (September 2016): 32-55. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "The cognitive nonconscious: Enlarging the mind of the humanities." Critical Inquiry 42.4 (June 1, 2016): 783-808. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "The Affectual Distinctiveness of Big Books." American Book Review 37.2 (2016): 15-15. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Brain imaging and the epistemology of vision: Daniel Suarez's daemon and freedom." Mfs Modern Fiction Studies 61.2 (June 1, 2015): 320-334. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Quirks of the Quantum: Postmodernism and Contemporary American Literature." NOVEL-A FORUM ON FICTION 48.1 (May 2015): 148-150. Full Text

Hayles, K. "Speculative Aesthetics and Object Oriented Inquiry (OOI)." Speculations: A Journal of Speculative Realism 5 (2014): 158-179.

Hayles, K, Jagoda, P, and LeMieux, P. "Speculation: Financial Games and Derivative Worlding in a Transmedia Era." Critical Inquiry 40.3 (2014): 220-236.


Hayles, NK. "Deeper into the Machine: Learning to Speak Digital." Electronic Literature Organization’s 2002 State of the Arts Symposium. Los Angeles: Electronic Literature Organizaton, 2002.

., . Beyond Productivity: Information, Innovation, and Creativity. Washington, DC,: National Academies Press, 2003.

Hayles, NK. "Is It Literature—or Art?." Second Natures (2006): 23-30. (Scholarly Commentary)

Hayles, NK. "Auto-Projection: Fuchs' Evolutionary Tale." (December 1999). (Scholarly Commentary)