N. Katherine Hayles

N. Katherine Hayles

James B. Duke Professor Emerita of Literature

External address: 
101 Friedl Building, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Box 90670, Durham, NC 27708-0670
(919) 684-4127

Digital Humanities; Electronic Literature; Literature, Science, and Technology; Science Fiction; Critical Theory


  • Ph.D., University of Rochester 1977
  • M.A., Michigan State University 1970
  • M.S., California Institute of Technology 1969
  • B.S., Rochester Institute of Technology 1966

Hayles, N. K. “Metaphoric Networks in "Lexia to Perplexia".” First Person: New Media as Story, Performance, and Game, edited by Noah Wardrip-Fruin and Pat Harrigan, MIT Press, 2004.

Hayles, N. K. “Bodies of Texts, Bodies of Subjects: Metaphoric Networks in New Media.” Memory Bytes: History, Technology, and Digital Culture, edited by Lauren Rabinovitz and Abraham Geil, Duke University Press, 2004, pp. 257–82.

Hayles, N. K. “Performative Code and Figurative Language: Neal Stephenson's "Cryptonomicon".” Science, Technology, and the Humanities in Recent American Fiction, edited by Peter Freese and Charles B. Harris, Verlag, 2004, pp. 279–316.

Hayles, N. K. “From Utopia to Mutopia: Recursive Complexity and the Nanospatiality of "The Diamond Age".” World Weavers: Globalization, Science Fiction, and the Cybernetic Revolution, edited by Wong Kin Yuen et al., Hong Kong University Press, 2004.

Hayles, N. K. “Timely Art: Hybridity in New Cinema and Electronic Poetry.” Future Cinema: The Cinematic Imaginary After Film, edited by Jeffrey Shaw and Peter Weibel, MIT Press, 2003, pp. 316–21.

Hayles, N. K. “Supersensual Chaos and Catherine Richards' "Excitable Tissues".” Catherine Richards: Excitable Tissues, edited by Sylvie Fortin, The Ottawa Art Gallery, 2003, pp. 9–24.

Hayles, N. K. “Who Is In Control Here? Meditating on Eduardo Kac's Transgenic Art.” The Eighth Day: The Transgenic Art of Eduardo Kac, edited by Sheilah Britton and Dan Collins, Institute of Studies in the Arts, Arizona State University, 2003, pp. 79–86.

Hayles, N. K. “Computing the Human (in German) Fuelle der Combination.” Cyber, Virtual, and Bio Literature, The New Korean Association of English Language and Literature, 2003, pp. 1–25.

Hayles, N. K. “Computing the Human (in German) Fuelle der Combination.” Turbulente Körper, Soziale Maschinen: Feministische Studien Zur Technowissenschaftskultur, edited by J. Weber and C. Bathr, Oplanden, 2003, pp. 99–198.

Hayles, N. K. “Virtual Bodies and Flickering Signifiers.” The Feminism and Visual Culture Reader, edited by A. Jones, Routledge, 2003, pp. 497–506.


Hayles, N. Katherine. “Revealing and Transforming: How Electronic Literature Re-Values Computational Practice.” Performance Research, vol. 11, no. 4, Dec. 2006, pp. 5–16. Manual, doi:10.1080/13528160701363192. Full Text

Hayles, N. Katherine. “Traumas of Code.” Critical Inquiry, vol. 33, no. 1, Sept. 2006, pp. 136–57. Manual, doi:10.1086/509749. Full Text

Hayles, N. Katherine. “Narrating Bits: Encounters between Humans and Intelligent Machines.” Comparative Critical Studies, vol. 2, no. 2, June 2005, pp. 165–90. Manual, doi:10.3366/ccs.2005.2.2.165. Full Text

Hayles, N. K. “Attacking the Borg of Corporate Knowledge Work: The Achivement of Alan Liu's "The Laws of Cool".” Criticism, vol. 47, no. 2, Mar. 2005, pp. 235–39.

Hayles, N. Katherine. “Commentary: The Search for the Human.” New Literary History, vol. 36, no. 2, Jan. 2005, pp. 327–33. Manual, doi:10.1353/nlh.2005.0032. Full Text

Hayles, N. K. “Visiting Wonderland (A Riposte to Diana Lobb's "The Emperor's New Clothes").” Electronic Book Review, Alt-X Literary Network, Dec. 2004.

Hayles, N. K., and N. Gessler. “The Slipstream of Mixed Reality: Unstable Ontologies and Semiotic Markers in "The Thirteenth Floor," "Dark City," and "Mulholland Drive".” Pmla, vol. 119, no. 3, Modern Language Association, May 2004, pp. 482–99. Manual, doi:10.1632/003081204X20541. Full Text

Hayles, N. K. “Print Is Flat, Code Is Deep: The Importance of Media-Specific Analysis.” Poetics Today, vol. 25, no. 1, Mar. 2004, pp. 67–90. Manual, doi:10.1215/03335372-25-1-67. Full Text

Hayles, N. Katherine. “Refiguring the Posthuman.” Comparative Literature Studies, vol. 41, no. 3, Jan. 2004, pp. 311–16. Manual, doi:10.1353/cls.2004.0031. Full Text

Hayles, N. K. “Afterword: The Human in the Posthuman.” Cultural Critique, vol. 53, Dec. 2003, pp. 134–37.