N. Katherine Hayles

N. Katherine Hayles

James B. Duke Professor Emerita of Literature

External address: 
101 Friedl Building, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Box 90670, Durham, NC 27708-0670
(919) 684-4127

Digital Humanities; Electronic Literature; Literature, Science, and Technology; Science Fiction; Critical Theory


  • Ph.D., University of Rochester 1977
  • M.A., Michigan State University 1970
  • M.S., California Institute of Technology 1969
  • B.S., Rochester Institute of Technology 1966

Hayles, NK. "Artificial Life and Literary Culture." Cyperspace Textuality: Computer Culture and Literary Theory. Indiana University Press, 1999. 205-223. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "The Life Cycle of Cyborgs: Writing the Posthuman." Cybersexualities: A Reader on Feminist Theory, Cyborgs and Cyberspace. Ed. J Wolmark. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1999. 157-173. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "From Self-Organization to Emergence: Aesthetic Implications of Shifting Ideas of Organization." Chaos and the Changing Nature of Science and Medicine. Woodbury, NY: American Institute of Physics, 1998. 133-157. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "The Condition of Virtuality." Language Machines: Technologies of Literary and Cultural Production. Ed. J Masten, P Stallybrass, and N Vickers. London and New York: Routledge, 1997. 183-208. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Voices Out of Bodies and Bodies Out of Voices." Sound States: Innovative Poetics and Acoustical Technologies. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1997. 74-96. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Consolidating the Canon." The Science Wars. Ed. A Ross. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1996. 226-237. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "How Cyberspace Signifies: Taking Immortality Literally." Immortal Engines: Life Extension and Immortality in Science Fiction and Fantasy. Ed. G Slusser, G Westfahl, and ES Rabkin. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1996. 111-124. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Narratives of Artificial Life." Futurenatural: Nature, Science, Culture. Ed. G Robertson, M Mash, L Tickner, J Bird, B Curtis, and T Putnam. New York and London: Routledge, 1996. 146-164. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Virtual Bodies and Flickering Signifiers." Electronic Culture: Technology and Visual Representation. Ed. T Druckrey. New York: Aperture, 1996. 259-278. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Simulated Nature and Natural Simulations: Rethinking the Relation Between the Beholder and the World." Uncommon Ground: Toward the Reinvention of Nature. Ed. W Cronon. New York: Norton, 1995. 409-425. (Essay)


Hayles, NK. "Metaphoric Networks in Lexia to Perplexia." Digital Creativity 12.3 (2001): 133-139.

Hayles, NK. "Visualizing the Posthuman." Art Journal 59.3 (September 2000): 50-54. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "The Invention of Copyright and the Birth of Monsters: Flickering Connectivities in Shelley Jackson's "Patchwork Girl"." Postmodern Culture: An Electronic Journal of Interdisciplinary Criticism 10.2 (January 2000).

Hayles, NK. "Adam Ross: Paranoid Utopias." Art/Text 70 (2000): 62-65.

Hayles, NK. "Simulating Narratives: What Virtual Creatures Can Teach Us." Critical Inquiry 26.1 (1999): 1-26. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "The Illusion of Autonomy and the Fact of Recursivity: Virtual Ecologies, Entertainment, and "Infinite Jest"." New Literary History: A Journal of Theory and Interpretation 30.3 (1999): 675-697.

Hayles, NK. "Hot List: N. Katherine Hayles on Byte Lit." Artforum International 37.2 (1998): 33-.