N. Katherine Hayles

N. Katherine Hayles

James B. Duke Professor Emerita of Literature

External address: 
101 Friedl Building, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Box 90670, Durham, NC 27708-0670
(919) 684-4127

Digital Humanities; Electronic Literature; Literature, Science, and Technology; Science Fiction; Critical Theory


  • Ph.D., University of Rochester 1977
  • M.A., Michigan State University 1970
  • M.S., California Institute of Technology 1969
  • B.S., Rochester Institute of Technology 1966

Hayles, N. K. “Artificial Life and Literary Culture.” Cyperspace Textuality: Computer Culture and Literary Theory, Indiana University Press, 1999, pp. 205–23.

Hayles, N. K. “The Life Cycle of Cyborgs: Writing the Posthuman.” Cybersexualities: A Reader on Feminist Theory, Cyborgs and Cyberspace, edited by J. Wolmark, Edinburgh University Press, 1999, pp. 157–73.

Hayles, N. K. “From Self-Organization to Emergence: Aesthetic Implications of Shifting Ideas of Organization.” Chaos and the Changing Nature of Science and Medicine, American Institute of Physics, 1998, pp. 133–57.

Hayles, N. K. “The Condition of Virtuality.” Language Machines: Technologies of Literary and Cultural Production, edited by Jeffrey Masten et al., Routledge, 1997, pp. 183–208.

Hayles, N. K. “Voices Out of Bodies and Bodies Out of Voices.” Sound States: Innovative Poetics and Acoustical Technologies, University of North Carolina Press, 1997, pp. 74–96.

Hayles, N. K. “Consolidating the Canon.” The Science Wars, edited by Andrew Ross, Duke University Press, 1996, pp. 226–37.

Hayles, N. K. “How Cyberspace Signifies: Taking Immortality Literally.” Immortal Engines: Life Extension and Immortality in Science Fiction and Fantasy, edited by George Slusser et al., University of Georgia Press, 1996, pp. 111–24.

Hayles, N. K. “Narratives of Artificial Life.” Futurenatural: Nature, Science, Culture, edited by George Robertson et al., Routledge, 1996, pp. 146–64.

Hayles, N. K. “Virtual Bodies and Flickering Signifiers.” Electronic Culture: Technology and Visual Representation, edited by T. Druckrey, Aperture, 1996, pp. 259–78.

Hayles, N. K. “Simulated Nature and Natural Simulations: Rethinking the Relation Between the Beholder and the World.” Uncommon Ground: Toward the Reinvention of Nature, edited by William Cronon, Norton, 1995, pp. 409–25.


Hayles, N. K. “Desiring Agency: Limiting Metaphors and Enabling Constraints in Dawkins and Deleuze/Guattari.” Substance, vol. 30 (no. 1 & 2), no. 94–95, 2001, pp. 144–59.

Hayles, N. Katherine. “Metaphoric Networks in "Lexia to Perplexia".” Electronic Art and Animation Catalog, vol. 31–34, 2001, pp. 31–34. Manual, doi:10.1076/digc. Full Text

Hayles, N. Katherine. “Visualizing the Posthuman.” Art Journal, vol. 59, no. 3, Informa UK Limited, Sept. 2000, pp. 50–54. Crossref, doi:10.1080/00043249.2000.10792011. Full Text

Hayles, N. K. “The Invention of Copyright and the Birth of Monsters: Flickering Connectivities in Shelley Jackson's "Patchwork Girl".” Postmodern Culture: An Electronic Journal of Interdisciplinary Criticism, vol. 10, no. 2, Johns Hopkins University Press, Jan. 2000.

Hayles, N. K. “Adam Ross: Paranoid Utopias.” Art/Text, vol. 70, 2000, pp. 62–65.

Hayles, N. K. “Cognition on a Desert Island (Commentary on Edwin Hutchins' "Cognition in the Wild").” Genre, vol. 23, no. 3–4, 2000, pp. 331–38.

Hayles, N. K. “Review of Brian Richardson's "Unlikely Stories: Causality and the Nature of Modern Narrative".” South Atlantic Review, 1999, pp. 140–41.

Hayles, N. Katherine. “Simulating Narratives: What Virtual Creatures Can Teach Us.” Critical Inquiry, vol. 26, no. 1, 1999, pp. 1–26. Manual, doi:10.1086/448950. Full Text

Hayles, N. K. “The Illusion of Autonomy and the Fact of Recursivity: Virtual Ecologies, Entertainment, and "Infinite Jest".” New Literary History: A Journal of Theory and Interpretation, vol. 30, no. 3, 1999, pp. 675–97.

Hayles, N. K. “Hot List: N. Katherine Hayles on Byte Lit.” Artforum International, vol. 37, no. 2, 1998.