N. Katherine Hayles

N. Katherine Hayles

James B. Duke Distinguished Professor Emerita of Literature

External address: 
101 Friedl Building, Durham, NC 27708
Internal office address: 
Box 90670, Durham, NC 27708-0670
(919) 684-4127

Digital Humanities; Electronic Literature; Literature, Science, and Technology; Science Fiction; Critical Theory


  • Ph.D., University of Rochester 1977
  • M.A., Michigan State University 1970
  • M.S., California Institute of Technology 1969
  • B.S., Rochester Institute of Technology 1966

Hayles, N. K. “Simulated Nature and Natural Simulations: Rethinking the Relation Between the Beholder and the World.” Uncommon Ground: Toward the Reinvention of Nature, edited by William Cronon, Norton, 1995, pp. 409–25.

Hayles, N. K. “Embodied Virtuality: Or How to Put Bodies Back into the Picture.” Immersed in Technology: Art and Virtual Environments, edited by Diana Augaitis et al., MIT Press, 1995, pp. 1–28.

Hayles, N. K. “Searching for Common Ground.” Reinventing Nature?: Responses to Postmodern Deconstruction, Island Press, 1995, pp. 45–60.

Hayles, N. K. “The Life Cycle of Cyborgs: Writing the Posthuman.” The Cyborg Handbook, edited by C. H. Gray, Routledge, 1995, pp. 321–35.

Hayles, N. K. “Boundary Disputes: Homeostasis, Reflexivity, and the Foundations of Cybernetics.” Virtual Realities and Their Discontents, edited by R. Markley, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.

Hayles, N. K. “Deciphering the Rules of Unruly Disciplines: A Modest Proposal for Literature and Science.” Literature and Science, Rodopi, 1994, pp. 25–48.

Hayles, N. K. “Narratives of Evolution and the Evolution of Narratives.” Cooperation and Conflict in General Evolutionary Processes, edited by John L. Casti and Anders Karlqvist, John Wiley and Sons, 1994, pp. 113–32.

Hayles, N. K. “The Paradoxes of John Cage: Chaos, Time, and Irreversible Art.” Permission Granted: Composed in America, edited by Marjorie Perloff and Charles Junkerman, University of Chicago Press, 1994, pp. 226–41.

Hayles, N. K. “The Seductions of Cyberspace.” Rethinking Technologies, edited by Verena Conley, University of Minnesota Press, 1993, pp. 173–90.

Hayles, N. K. “The Life Cycle of Cyborgs: Writing and the Posthuman.” A Question of Identity: Women, Science, and Literature, Rutgers University Press, 1993, pp. 152–72.


Hayles, N. K. “The Illusion of Autonomy and the Fact of Recursivity: Virtual Ecologies, Entertainment, and "Infinite Jest".” New Literary History: A Journal of Theory and Interpretation, vol. 30, no. 3, 1999, pp. 675–97.

Hayles, N. K. “Hot List: N. Katherine Hayles on Byte Lit.” Artforum International, vol. 37, no. 2, 1998.

Hayles, N. Katherine. “Corporeal Anxiety in "Dictionary of the Khazars": What Books Talk About in the Late Age of Print When They Talk About Losing Their Bodies.” Modern Fiction Studies, vol. 43, no. 3, 1997, pp. 800–20. Manual, doi:10.1353/mfs.1997.0060. Full Text

Hayles, N. K. “Interrogating the Posthuman Body (Review of Anne Balsamo's "Technologies of the Gendered Body: Reading Cyborg Women" and Judith Halberstam and Ira Livingston's "Posthuman Bodies").” Contemporary Literature, vol. 38, no. 4, University of Wisconsin Press, 1997, pp. 755–62. Manual, doi:10.2307/1208936. Full Text

Hayles, N. K. “Situating Narrative in an Ecology of New Media.” Modern Fiction Studies, vol. 43, no. 3, 1997, pp. 573–76. Manual, doi:10.1353/mfs.1997.0059. Full Text

Hayles, N. K. “Why Literature and Science?American Book Review, vol. 18, no. 5, 1997.

Hayles, N. K. “The Posthuman Body: Inscription and Incorporation in "Galatea 2.2" and "Snow Crash".” Configurations, vol. 5, no. 2, 1997, pp. 241–66.

Hayles, N. K. “Walking in Water (Review of Michael Joyce's "Of Two Minds: Hypertext Poetics and Pedagogy").” Scientific American, vol. 274, no. 1, Nature Publishing Group, Jan. 1996, pp. 104–05.

Hayles, N. K., and Niklas Luhmann. “Theory of a Different Order: A Conversation with Niklas Luhmann and Katherine Hayles.” Cultural Critique, vol. 31, 1995, pp. 7–37.

Hayles, N. K. “Hypertext "Hamlet".” Humanities, vol. 16, no. 5, MDPI AG, 1995, pp. 23–27.